Here Are Why Chronic Kidney Disease Is On The Increase We Tend To Ignore

Diabetes and high blood pressure are the more common causes of CKD in most adults. Other risk factors include heart disease, obesity, a family history of CKD, inherited kidney disorders, past damage to the kidneys, and older age.

 

Ways to Prevent CKD

 

Manage risk factors for CKD:

 

High blood sugar levels.

High blood pressure.

 

Keeping a healthy body weight through a balanced diet and physical activity can help manage blood pressure and blood sugar levels in people with diabetes or in people at risk of developing type 2 diabetes.

 

Risk factors

Factors that can increase your risk of chronic kidney disease include:

 

Diabetes

High blood pressure

Heart (cardiovascular) disease

Smoking

Obesity

Being Black, Native American or Asian American

Family history of kidney disease

Abnormal kidney structure

Older age

Frequent use of medications that can damage the kidneys

 

Complications

 

Chronic kidney disease can affect almost every part of your body. Potential complications include:

 

1. Fluid retention, which could lead to swelling in your arms and legs, high blood pressure, or fluid in your lungs (pulmonary edema)

 

2. A sudden rise in potassium levels in your blood (hyperkalemia), which could impair your heart’s function and can be life-threatening

 

3. Anemia

 

4. Heart disease

 

5. Weak bones and an increased risk of bone fractures

 

6. Decreased sex drive, erectile dysfunction or reduced fertility

 

7. Damage to your central nervous system, which can cause difficulty concentrating, personality changes or seizures

 

8. Decreased immune response, which makes you more vulnerable to infection

 

9. Pericarditis, an inflammation of the saclike membrane that envelops your heart (pericardium)

 

10. Pregnancy complications that carry risks for the mother and the developing fetus

 

11. Irreversible damage to your kidneys (end-stage kidney disease), eventually requiring either dialysis or a kidney transplant for survival

 

Prevention

 

To reduce your risk of developing kidney disease:

 

1. Follow instructions on over-the-counter medications. When using nonprescription pain relievers, such as aspirin, ibuprofen (Advil, Motrin IB, others) and acetaminophen (Tylenol, others), follow the instructions on the package. Taking too many pain relievers for a long time could lead to kidney damage.

 

 

2. Maintain a healthy weight. If you’re at a healthy weight, maintain it by being physically active most days of the week. If you need to lose weight, talk with your doctor about strategies for healthy weight loss.

 

 

3. Don’t smoke. Cigarette smoking can damage your kidneys and make existing kidney damage worse. If you’re a smoker, talk to your doctor about strategies for quitting. Support groups, counseling and medications can all help you to stop.

 

 

4. Manage your medical conditions with your doctor’s help. If you have diseases or conditions that increase your risk of kidney disease, work with your doctor to control them. Ask your doctor about tests to look for signs of kidney damage.

 

 

 

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